Twelfth Night – Act 1-3

Viola main female character; has a twin brother Sebastian; disguises herself as a male Cesario; in love with Orsino
Cesario Viola’s male disguise
Orsino a duke; in love with Olivia; very self-centered and thinks highly of himself
Olivia brother has recently died; falls in love with Cesario; constantly rejects Orsino
Feste “a wise fool”
Sir Toby Belch Olivia’s kin; always drunk
Sir Andrew friends with Sir Toby (he always pays for their drinks); manipulated by Sir Toby to do idiotic things
Maria Olivia’s gentlewoman; plots against Malvolio
Malvolio Olivia’s steward; tormented by Sir Toby & Maria
Fabian one of Olivia’s servants, minor character
Valentine Orsino’s courtier; previously had Cesario’s job of delivering messages to Olivia
Curio another one of Orsino’s courtiers
Sebastian Viola’s twin brother; thought to be dead, later revealed to have survived
Antonio Sebastian’s companion; in love with Sebastian
Illyria setting of the play; sounds like Elysium- suggests that it could be a friendly, dreamlike place
meaning of “Twelfth Night or What You Will” Twelfth night is the 12th day after Christmas, where everything was allowed; men could dress like women, women like men, fools could dress like their king, etc.. This is shown by Viola dressing as a man.
theme of duality/mirroring this theme is based off of “doubles” or “twins”: Sebastian and Viola are twins & Viola/Cesario has a double identity.
simile comparison using the words “like”, “as”, or “than”. ex: like Arion on the dolphin’s back.
metaphor makes a direct comparison between two things using a verb of beingex: Although her mouth smiled, her eyes were ice.
personification gives human qualities to something that is not human.
allusion referencing another form of literature (a poem, novel, etc.)
pun a play on words where the same sound has different meaningex: Orsino’s play on “heart” and “hart”
aside A dramatic convention by which an actor directly addresses the audience but it is not supposed to be heard by the other actors on the stage.
soliloquy A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener.
dramatic irony situation of a drama that is understood by the audience but not known by the characters in the play.
ticket name a character name which also has symbolic meaning ex: Valentine delivers messages of LOVE
direct characterization when the author directly describes character
indirect characterization when the author subtly reveals the character through actions and interactions.