Romeo and Juliet – Act I

metaphor comparison between two unlike things
pun clever play on words
allusion a reference, usually to another work of art or literature
syntax order of words
hyperbole exaggeration
simile comparison using like or as
volta a divide in a sonnet; shifting
quatrain rhyme scheme; group of 4 lines
rhyming couplet 2 consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme and have the same meter
iamb unstressed syllable followed by stressed syllable
pent 5 – meaning 5 iambs in a line of poetry making it 10 syllables
meter number of feet in a line of poetry; a grouping of two or more syllables
sonnet poem if 14 lines that follows a strict rhyme scheme
iambic pentameter 10 syllables per line including 5 unstressed/stressed syllables
scanning note technical elements (like rhyming) in poetry
ere before
thither there
hither here
wherefore why
soft wait
oxymoron contradictory terms are in conjunction
capulets (8) lord capulet, lady capulet, juliet, nurse, tybalt (juliets cousin), gregory (servingman), rosaline (juliets cousin), sampson (servingman)
montagues (7) lord montague, lady montague, romeo, benvolio (romeo’s cousin), mercutio (romeos bff), abram (servant), balthasar (romeos servant)
neutral paris (maybe capulet), prince escalus
kin family
Who is fighting at the beginning of the first scene? Sampson and Gregory, of the house of Capulet, and Abram, of the house of Montague, are fighting in the beginning of the first scene
Who tries to break up the fighting in scene 1? Benvolio
What threat does the Prince make to Lord Montague and Lord Capulet in scene 1? The Prince threatens Lord Montague and Lord Capulet with death if they fight again
Benvolio and Montague describe the way Romeo has been acting in scene 1. What do they have to say about him? Benvolio and Montague say Romeo is very “heavy”, or sorrowful
Why is Romeo so sad in scene 1? Romeo is so sad because he is in love with a beautiful woman who has sworn off marriage
What is Benvolio’s advice to Romeo? Benvolio’s advice to Romeo is to forget about her and find someone more beautiful
summarize scene 1 the montagues and capulets get into a fight that the prince later breaks apart. Benvolio gives romeo advice about rosaline
Why does Capulet think it will be easy for Montague and him to keep the peace? Capulet thinks it will be easy for him and Montague to keep the peace because they are both under the same bond and are respectable
What does Paris ask about Capulet in scene 2? Paris asks Capulet to marry his daughter
What is Capulet’s first answer to paris’ request to marry juliet? his daughter is too young
A bit later Capulet appears to change his mind about Paris’ question. What does he then tell Paris? Later, Capulet tells Paris that his daughter will be scoping out men to marry at a party that night, and Paris is invited, and if Juliet consents he can marry her
What problem does the servant have in scene 2? The servant doesn’t know how to read
What is the name of the woman Romeo loves? The name of the woman Romeo loves is Rosaline
What do Romeo and Benvolio decide to do at the end of scene 2? Romeo and Benvolio decide to crash Capulet’s party
summarize scene 2 paris asks capulet to marry juliet, and capulets answer is that he will see her at his party. The illiterate servant asks romeo for help with the guest list, resulting in romeo and benvolio deciding to crash it.
How old is Juliet? Juliet is 13 years old
When Lady Capulet asks Juliet how she feels about marriage, what is Juliet’s answer? She says it is an “honor that I [she] not dream of”
what does Lady Capulet then tell Juliet after she says marrying is an honor? Lady Capulet tells Juliet that it is about time for her to think of marriage and that Paris wants to marry her
summarize scene 3 lady capulet asks juliet about marriage
According to Mercutio, who (or what) is Queen Mab, and what does she or it do? Queen Mab is a fairy that gives people dreams, according to Mercutio.
What does Mercutio say about dreams? Mercutio says dreams are unimportant and inconstant
What is Romeo’s mood at the end of scene 4? Romeo fears something will happen at the end of this scene; he is apprehensive
summarize scene 4 romeo is apprehensive until mercutio tells him a story about Queen Mab convincing him to go to the party (even though he its still apprehensive)
What does Romeo think of Juliet the first time he sees her? Juliet is beautiful
How does Tybalt recognize Romeo? Tybalt recognizes Romeo by his voice
When Tybalt is ready to seize Romeo and throw him out of the party, what does Capulet say to Tybalt? To forget about Romeo because causing a scene is rude
Explain the conversation between Romeo and Juliet. What do they discuss? Romeo and Juliet discuss holding hands and kissing until Romeo finally kisses her
How does Romeo find out Juliet’s last name? Romeo finds out Juliet’s last name by asking nurse who her mother is
How does Juliet find out Romeo’s last name? The nurse goes to ask him
summarize scene 5 tybalt tries to throw romeo out of the party, but capulet stops him. romeo and juliet meet, dance, and kiss. romeo forgets about rosaline.