Figurative Language Definitions and Shakespeare Examples (“Much Ado About Nothing”)

Metaphor A comparison between two things, NOT using like or as”Can the world buy such a jewel?” (comparison to Hero) (pg. 17)
Simile A comparison between two things, using like or as.”Civil as an orange.” (pg. 62)
Pun Use of a word with multiple meanings to create humor.”Benedick is wise… a wise gentleman…” (often used to describe an old, foolish man) (pg. 6)
Oxymoron Opposite words used together “hot January” (pg. 9)
Malapropism (Dogberryism) Use of an incorrect word in place of a similar word with humorous result (often unintended) “We have recovered the most dangerous piece of lechery…” – should be discovered (pg. 130)
Double Entendre Use of a phrase that could be understood in multiple ways.”stuffed”, Benedick talked about being “full of honor”, Beatrice referred to stuffed “like a dummy” (pg. 6)
Allusion A brief reference to a famous or well-known person, intended to make a point with the additional knowledge called to mind.”I will undertake one of Hercules’s labors.” (referring to a Greek god) (pg. 68)
Antithesis Opposite ideas used together in a sentence to create an effect”A bird of my tongue is better than a beast of yours.” (pg. 12)