Hamlet Act I

A tragic hero usually brings tragedy upon himself or herself
Why doesn’t Polonius want Ophelia to see Hamlet? He is afraid she will ruin the family name or make him look bad
The final catastrophe of a tragedy is _____. inevitable
King Hamlet had killed the father of young Fortinbras of Norway
Horatio advises that Hamlet should be told about the ghost appearance
At the end of first scene, how many times did Horatio see the Ghost of King Hamlet? 2
In what kind of clothes was the Ghost dressed? a full suit of armor
Marcellus and Bernardo are soldiers. What is Horatio’s profession? Student
In Act 1, scene 2, The present king of Norway is made aware of Fortinbras’s activities.
Why does Fortibras Jr. want to attack Denmark? to avenge his father’s death from King Hamlet Sr.
Fortinbras is the nephew of the present King of Norway
Hamlet and Horatio were both students at the University in Wittenberg.
The Ghost instructs Hamlet to punish Claudius
King Hamlet died without having an opportunity to confess and repent of his sins.
King Hamlet was in the garden when Claudius killed him
Everyone thinks King Hamlet was killed in what way? snake bite
How did King Hamlet actually die? Claudius poured poison in his ear
Apparition a ghost or an image of a person who is dead
Polonius forbids Ophelia to see Hamlet
Emulate imitate
Avouch verb.- to vouch for; to confirm; to say something is true
Dirge a funeral song
Bernardo, Marcellus, Fransisco guards of Denmark who are all afraid because they keep seeing the ghost
Portentous Ominous, predictive of future bad events
Obsequious Obedient or attentive
Mirth Jollity, merriment; amusement or laughter
Is this blank verse or prose?BERNARDOWho’s there?FRANCISCONay, answer me: stand, and unfold yourself.BERNARDOLong live the king! Prose-short replies-normal punctuation
Horatio Hamlet’s best friend who is a student and attends Wittenberg
“Therefore our sometime sister, now our queen” Claudius acknowledging that he married his dead brother’s wife
Polonius Aide to King Claudius
“Cast the nighted color off, and let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark.” Gertrude speaking to Hamlet telling him to stop looking at her like he hates her.
Laertes son of Polonius who wishes to return to France for college
“Frailty thy name is woman!” Hamlet, talking about his mother Gertrude
“I pray you all, if you have hitherto conceal’d this sight, let it be tenable in your silence still.” Hamlet speaking to Horatio and the guards about seeing the Ghost
Fortinbras Prince of Norway, looking to avenge the death of his father and reclaim land from Denmark.
“The serpent that did sting thy father’s life now wears his crown” “the ‘snake’ that killed me is Claudius” Ghost
“Upon my secure hour thy uncle stole, with juice of cursed hebona in a vial, and in the porches of my ears did pour the leprous distillment” The Ghost to Hamlet, “Claudius killed me by pouring poison in my ears”
Gertrude The Queen of Denmark, mother of Hamlet and wife of Claudius
Ophelia Polonius’ daughter who is in love with Hamlet even though his royal position would prevent their marriage.
“This above all: To thine own self be true, and it must follow, as the night the day, thou canst not then be false to any man” Prior to leaving for France, the most important advice Laertes receives from Polonius.
Claudius King of Denmark, Uncle to Hamlet, brother of the former king
Hamlet Prince of Denmark, recently returned from school in Wittenberg
How long did Gertrude wait before she remarried? 2 months
The Ghost Appears to Hamlet and tells how the former king died.
Denmark Setting of the play
Norway The country that lost to King Hamlet Sr.
Wittenberg, Germany Where Hamlet attends college
France Where Laertes wants to return to
Blank Verse Upper-class language in poetic form
Prose lower-class language in normal speech form
Is this blank verse or prose?HAMLETNo, faith, not a jot; but to follow him thither withmodesty enough, and likelihood to lead it: asthus: Alexander died, Alexander was buried,Alexander returneth into dust; the dust is earth; ofearth we make loam; and why of that loam, whereto hewas converted, might they not stop a beer-barrel?Imperious Caesar, dead and turn’d to clay,Might stop a hole to keep the wind away:O, that that earth, which kept the world in awe,Should patch a wall to expel the winter flaw!But soft! but soft! aside: here comes the king. Prose- uses normal language- normal punctuationHamlet is speaking it, so it may signal madness
Is this blank verse or prose?LAERTESLay her i’ the earth:And from her fair and unpolluted fleshMay violets spring! I tell thee, churlish priest,A ministering angel shall my sister be,When thou liest howling. Blank VerseBlank Verse-starts with capital letters om each new line- deep thought, reflective- expresses emotion
Soliloquy a long speech spoken by a signal character, typically alone on stage.
Monlogue a long speech given by a character, usually other characters are present
Is this blank verse or prose:BERNARDOLast night of all,When yond same star that’s westward from the poleHad made his course to illume that part of heavenWhere now it burns, Marcellus and myself,The bell then beating one,– Blank Verse-starts with capital letters om each new line- deep thought, reflective
Pun A play on words that sound alike or have similar meaning