First Act Hamlet

When was Hamlet written In 1602 at the age of 24
What ideas did he piggy-back from Saxo Grammaticus by Thomas Kyd
Where does the play take place Elsinore in Denmark
Why has Horatio joined Bernardo and Marcellus at their night watch They have seen a ghost of Hamlet’s father for two nights. Horatio is a good friend of Hamlet’s and brings credence credibility
How does Horatio interpret the appearance of the Ghost “This bodes some strange eruption to our state”
What three questions does Marcellus raise Why a night watch?Why weapons?Why are they working day and night?It’s all for war.
What events have led up to preparation for war Fortinbras vs Hamlet sr. Hamlet wins and gets everything. Fortinbras jr wants his land back and is going to make war for it= prepare for war
What three reasons does Horatio list for a ghost to return from the grave To complete a good deedWarn of impending dangerReveal a hidden treasure
What is one reason Horatio fails to list for a ghost to return To reveal the circumstance of his death
Why do Horatio and Marcellus decide to tell hamlet about the ghost Think the ghost will speak to Hamlet
What news does King Claudius announce at the opening of scene 2 His marriage to Gertrude
Why does Claudius send Cornelius and Voltimand to Norway To talk to Fortinbras jr’s uncle to get him to curb his nephew’s military plans
What bothers Claudius and Gertrude about Hamlet’s attire He is still in mourning, wearing black. It is a reminder to their hasty marriage
Why does Claudius want Hamlet to remain at court To keep an eye on him. Claudius has a guilty conscience
How long has Hamlet’s father been dead Two months
Explain why Hamlet says, “Frailty, thy name is woman!” He blames him mom but also thinks women are weak
What is Hamlet’s plan about dealing with the ghost in scene 2 To stand watch and see if the ghost will appear to talk to him
Why does Laertes warn his sister Ophelia not to place too much hope in Hamlet’s attentions to her His choices may not be his own
What does Laertes say must govern Hamlet’s marriage choice He must make one to benefit his country. Possibly an arranged marriage with someone of his own stature for more power.
What advice does Ophelia in turn give to Laertes Practice what you preach
“Give thy thoughts no tongue,/ Nor any unproportioned thought his act.” Think before you speak
“Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice: Listen to everyone, confide in few
“Neither a borrower nor a lender be;/ For loan oft loses both itself and friend” Don’t lend or borrow money; it may ruin friendships
What are Polonius’ instructions to Ophelia about Hamlet Don’t believe Hamlet’s vows. Stay away from him.
What is happening at the court while Hamlet, Horatio and Marcellus are on the platform Claudius is having a party
Why does hamlet denounce the custom of drunken celebration It opens Denmark to criticism to other countries
What happens at the end of Scene 4 The ghost beckons Hamlet to join him alone, and he does. His friends follow
What does the Ghost reveal about the manner of his death He was murdered by Claudius not stung by a serpent
What does the Ghost tell Hamlet about his mother She had an affair with Claudius while the father was still alive
What three tasks does the ghost tell Hamlet to undertake Free Denmark from inscestMaintain his integrityLeave his mother to the Heavens, don’t take revenge on her
What does Hamlet imply he may decide to do Put on an antic disposition: pretend to go crazy
What is the timespan of act 1 30 hours
What does Hamlet promise the ghost To wipe away everything from his distracted globe and focus soley on his new task
What characters are clearly not what they seem to be Royal couple: everything is fine and happy/ Claudius is a murderer and adulter and so is sheHamlet: will appear crazy to get informationGertrude: looks virtuous/ is an adulteressPolonious: is too interested in his own image
What dramatic effec t is created by having the ghost appear to so many people in the specific order To heighten suspense and create a somber, eerie mood
What future events does Act I prepare us to anticipate What news from Norway?Hamlet and Ophilea
Can the three commands of the ghost to Hamlet be accomplished It’s doubtful; it’s unlikely Hamlet can get revenge and still maintain his integrity
In Elizabethan days the king was regarded as ____. God’s repesentative on earth
Was Hamlet being called upon to simply execute private revenge No, very public. An earthly and heavenly crime.
Hamlet Quotes: 6 “This bodes some strange eruption to our state.””A little more than kin, and less than kind.””Not so my lord. I am tooo much in the sun.””Frailty, thy name is woman.””Foul deeds will rise, though all the earth o’erwhelm them, to men’s eyes””The time is out of joint. Oh, cursed spite/ that ever I was born to set it right?”
Polonius Quote: 1 “For loan oft loses both itself and friend, and borrowing dulleth edge of husbandry- this above all: to thine own self be true.”
What three things make a tragedy Noble born individualTragic FlawBrings his own demise
Siloloquy Actor stands alone on stage and reveals his inner most thoughts
Aside Lines said only to the audience
What did the Elizabethians believe? There was a great chain of being: everything in the universe has a rank. Sun=king. When Hamlet says he is too much in the “son” he is really referring to the Elizabethian “sun” known as Claudius. It’s a pun.
How does Shakespear write Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Sanguine Naturally cheerful and hopeful
Melancholic Individual will dwell at length on his difficulties, often becoming so passionate that he is unable to act
Choleric Easily made angry
Phlegmatic Indifferent